Korcula Town is the main town on the island, with a population of about 3000 inhabitants. The main feature/sight of the whole town is Korcula Old Town – a medieval walled town with its towers, numerous buildings and monuments, cafÃ©s, restaurants, hotels, galleries, open-air cinema and more.
Korcula is very popular for visitors as a central location from which they explore the rest of the island and its surroundings. The town of Korcula is also an administrative centre of the area. See also beaches in Korcula town. (Note: Korcula is pronounced “kor-chula“)
Korcula Old Town is the main attraction of Korcula Town – a medieval walled city positioned on an oval-shaped swelling of land pointing deep into Peljesac Channel. The Old Town itself is grooved with a succession of narrow streets that branch off the spine of the main street like the fish bone. The fishbone shape was used in Korcula Old Town design to reduce the effects of wind and sun and provide citizens with sheltered and comfortable accommodation.
The architecture in the Old Town is mainly influenced by Venetian Renaissance (see palaces in Korcula). The Old Town centre is dominated by the splendid St Mark’s Cathedral built in the Gothic-Renaissance style, completed in the 15th century (by Marko Andrijic) at the place of other church from the 13th century.. read more about architecture in Korcula
There is a local legend that Marco Polo was born in Korcula Town and Marko Polo’s alleged house of birth is worth visiting. Despite its rather featureless interior, the houses’ tower (loggia) allows for a panoramic vista of Korcula, stretching from east to west. The house is under the protection of the Korcula Town Hall. There are plans for this house to be turned in the Museum of Marco Polo.
The Korcula Town Museum is also interesting to visit as it gives insights to Korcula’s history, as it displays Korculan stone carvings, Lumbarda Psephism and Ancient Greece artefacts, shipbuilding historical items, Renaissance Architectural Carvings and Coats of Arms Exhibits etc..
Korcula Town is the place where the main coastal ferry lines that sail from Rijeka to Dubrovnik stops via Split and Hvar. Another good way to reach Korcula Town from Split is catamaran passenger ferries that sail from Split via Hvar to Korcula Town.
The alternative way of reaching Korcula Town is via Vela Luka (50km west of Korcula Town) where car ferry from Split to Vela Luka as well as catamaran ferry sails daily. In Vela Luka, all ferries are met by bus links to other places on the island, including Korcula Town.
To reach Korcula Town from Dubrovnik you can use the main coastal ferry lines that sail from Dubrovnik via Mljet to Rijeka, stopping in Korcula Town or by catamaran ferry “Nona Ana” that sails from Dubrovnik to Korcula and stopping at Mljet. See the most comprehensive list of all ferries to Korcula
There is also a daily bus connection to Korcula Town from Dubrovnik. The bus departs daily at 3 pm and it runs along Peljesac Peninsula arriving in Orebic where it joins 15-minute ferry ride to Korcula Town (Domince). There are regular buses to Korcula Town from Split, Zagreb, Sarajevo, Mostar and Belgrade. Read more about a bus from Dubrovnik to Korcula.
Driving to Korcula Town can be nice too although not a very green way of transport. The good route to take is to drive to Ploce and take a ferry to Trpanj. From Trpanj drive towards Orebic and take a ferry from Orebic to Korcula (Domince – 3 km outside Korcula Town). Driving from Dubrovnik, drive along Croatian coast until you reach Doli, and sign to turn left to the Peljesac Peninsula. Drive along Peljesac ( about 60 km) to Orebic and take a ferry from Orebic to Korcula (Domince – 3 km outside Korcula Town) >> See all Korcula Town ferry schedules + All Buses to Korcula schedules
Korcula Town has a similar history with other parts of the Dalmatian archipelago. The first known inhabitants of Korcula were Illyrian tribes who occupied a large area of Dalmatia. They lived from farming and fishing. It is still possible to see on the Island their stone burial mounds, roughly shaped as a blunt cone.
Upon the arrival of the Ancient Greeks, Korcula became a Greek colony. However, they made no attempts to integrate with the Illyrians, who continued both their tribal lifestyle and their separate existence. It seems that the Greeks never associated themselves with the Illyrians, possibly due to Illyrians being perceived as a part of a lower social standing…read more about History of Korcula Town and Island
Korcula Statute is an important legal document from the 13th century that covers laws of Korcula town and island of Korcula. It belongs to a group of oldest Slav legal documents too. The Statute, as a book (compilation) of laws, was passed in 1214, but the only preserved version that is available is from 1265.
Various amendments and annexes are added to the statute continuously until the 16th century. The oldest part of the Statute was written in Latin which was later translated into the Italian Language… read more about Korcula Town Statute from 1214.